In Joomla a “page” is a content item displayed within the selected Joomla template. More than one template can be used on a site. The boxes on the top, bottom and sides of the content are referred to as “modules” and are often separate code snippets with their own functionality such as displaying a video or an events calendar. They can be set to display on some pages and not others. Modules frequently are free or low cost from 3rd party vendors. A menu is itself a type of module.
Code snippets with functionality that requires more space so need displaying in the central content area, for example a google map, are called “components.” Many components are more than a single page and vastly increase the functionality of a JOOMLA site. For example, Community Builder from
joomlapolis.com adds extra fields to the user profile and many community oriented features to the site. DOCman adds a document manager with downloadable files. There are also numerous Photo gallery components that can be used on a Joomla site.
JOOMLA content can be either a single page (static content item or uncategorized in JOOMLA 1.5) or can be filed by section and category. For example, Europe could be a section and Italy a category and Rome and Naples could be content items filed under those two .So before you start adding information to your site you need to create at least one section and one category. Sections and categories can have long descriptions, so can be full of content themselves. Any content item, section or category can be listed in any menu.
Click here for good set of diagrams in a PDF that explains the relationships in JOOMLA.
One of the keys to understanding JOOMLA is to realize that the parameters which control the display of an article or component are found on its menu item which is within the menu where it is listed.
Images must be uploaded to the stories folder (or any of its subfolders) using the media manager before you can include them in a content item. Using the JCE editor instead of the default editor makes the process of uploading images and creating internal links when editing articles much easier.
Here is a good basic tutorial:
And here is another in, PDF, with very good screen shots and explanations including how to manage menus.
http://www.netshinesoftware.com/downloads/Joomla Quick Start 1.0.pdf
Adding images to JOOMLA content items is not intuitive so here is a good tutorial on that process:
There are some JOOMLA video tutorials available on YouTube, for example:
YouTube Basic Joomla Content Tutorial
The following is a list of useful tutorials which are done in flash. They are about mambo which was the precursor to joomla and has many structural similarities.
This tutorial explains how to add a section
And this one explains how to add a category
This tutorial explains how to add a content item
Changing content layout lets you globally change things like whether the create date and author show on content:
This one explains how to change the front page layout
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